IN THE SUPREME COURT OF INDIA
CIVIL APPEALLATE JURISDICTION
CIVIL APPEAL NO. 8513 OF 2012
(Arising out of SLP(C) No.31592 of 2008)
The Deputy Inspector General
of Police & Anr. …..Appellants
S. Samuthiram ….. Respondent
J U D G M E N T
K.S. Radhakrishnan, J.
1. Leave granted.
2. Eve-Teasing is a euphemism, a conduct which attracts penal action but
it is seen, only in one State, a Statute has been enacted, that is State of
Tamil Nadu to contain the same, the consequence of which may at times
drastic. Eve-teasing led to the death of a woman in the year 1998 in the
State of Tamil Nadu which led the Government bringing an ordinance, namely,
the Tami Nadu Prohibition of Eve-Teasing Ordinance, 1998, which later
became an Act, namely, the Tamil Nadu Prohibition of Eve-Teasing Act, 1998
[for short ‘the Eve-Teasing Act’]. The Statement of Objects and Reasons of
the Eve-Teasing Act reads as follows:
“Eve-teasing in public places has been a perennial problem.
Recently, incidents of eve-teasing leading to serious injuries to,
and even death of a woman have come to the notice of the Government.
The Government are of the view that eve-teasing is a menace to
society as a whole and has to be eradicated. With this in view, the
Government decided to prohibit eve-teasing in the State of Tamil
2. Accordingly, the Tamil Nadu Prohibition of Eve-teasing
Ordinance, 1998 (Tamil Nadu Ordinance No. 4 of 1998) was promulgated
by the Governor and the same was published in the Tamil Nadu
Government Gazette Extraordinary, dated the 30th July, 1998.
3. The Bill seeks to replace the said Ordinance.”
3. We are in this case concerned with a situation where a member of the
law enforcement agency, a police personnel, himself was caught in the act
of eve-teasing of a married woman leading to criminal and disciplinary
proceeding, ending in his dismissal from service, the legality of which is
the subject matter of this appeal.
4. The respondent herein, while he was on duty at the Armed Reserve,
Palayamkottai was deputed for Courtallam season Bandobust duty on 9.7.1999
and he reported for duty on that date at 8.30 PM at the Courtallam Season
Police out post.
At about 11.00 PM he visited the Tenkasi bus stand in a
drunken state and misbehaved and eve-teased a married lady, who was waiting
along with her husband, to board a bus.
The respondent approached that
lady with a dubious intention and threatened both husband and wife stating
that he would book a case against the husband unless the lady accompanied
him. Further, he had disclosed his identity as a police man.
and wife got panic and complained to a police man, namely, Head Constable
Adiyodi (No.1368) who was standing along with Head Constable Peter
(No.1079) of Tenkasi Police Station on the opposite side of the bus-stand.
They were on night duty at the bus stand.
They rushed to the spot and took
the respondent into custody and brought him to Tenkasi Police Station along
with the husband and wife. Following that, a complaint No.625/1999 was
registered on 10.7.1999 at that Police Station against the respondent under
Section 509 of the Indian Penal Code and under Section 4 of the Eve-teasing
Act. On 10.7.1999, at about 1.25 hrs., the respondent was taken to the
Government Hospital Tenkasi for medical examination. There he was examined
by Dr. N. Rajendran, who issued a Certificate of Drunkenness, which reads
“Symptoms at the time of examination:
Breath smell of alcohol, Eye congested, Retina expanded, sluggish
reaction to light, speech and activities normal, pulse rate 96, Blood
pressure 122/85. I am of opinion that the above person:
(i) consumed alcohol but is not under its influence.
Station: Tenkasi Name: N. Rajendran
Date: 10.07.1999 (Sd/- dt.10.07.1999)
I am not willing to undergo blood and urine test.
Sd/- S. Samuthiram, PC 388”
5. The respondent was then placed under suspension from 10.7.1999 (FN)
as per DO.1360/1999 in C.No.P1/34410/1999 vide order dated 18.7.1999 and
departmental proceedings were initiated under Rule 3(b) of the Tamil Nadu
Police Subordinate Service (Disciplinary and Appeal) Rules, 1955 (in short
‘Tamil Nadu Service Rules’) for his highly reprehensible conduct in
behaving in a disorderly manner to a married lady in a drunken state at
Tenkasi bus stand on 9.7.1999. Further, it was also noticed that he was
absent from duty from 07.00 hrs on 10.7.1999 to 03.45 hrs.
6. The Deputy Superintendent of Police, Armed Reserve, Tiruneveli,
conducted a detailed domestic enquiry and after examining ten prosecution
witnesses and perusing fourteen prosecution documents and after hearing the
defence witnesses, submitted a report dated 22.11.1999 finding all the
charges proved against the delinquent respondent. The Superintendent of
Police, Tiruneveli after carefully perusing the enquiry report dismissed
the respondent from service on 4.1.2000.
7. The respondent, aggrieved by the dismissal order, filed O.A. No.1144
of 2000 before the Tamil Nadu Administrative Tribunal, Chennai. While the
O.A. was pending before the Tribunal, the Judicial Magistrate, Tenkasi
rendered the judgment in S.T.C No.613 of 2000 on 20.11.2000 acquitting the
respondent of all the charges. The judgment of the Criminal Court was
brought to the notice of the Tribunal and it was submitted that, on the
same set of facts, the delinquent be not proceeded within the departmental
proceeding. The judgment of this Court in Capt. M. Paul Anthony v. Bharat
Gold Mines Ltd. and Another (1999) 3 SCC 679 was also placed before the
Tribunal in support of that contention.
8. The Tribunal noticed that both, husband and wife, deposed before the
Enquiry Officer that the respondent had committed the offence, which was
supported by the other prosecution witnesses, including the two policemen
who took the respondent in custody from the place of incident.
Consequently, the Tribunal took the view that no reliance could be placed
on the judgment of the criminal court. The O.A. was accordingly dismissed
by the Tribunal vide order dated 23.3.2004. The order was challenged by
the respondent in a Writ Petition No.13726 of 2004 before the High Court of
Madras. The High Court took the view that if a criminal case and
departmental proceedings against an official are based on the same set of
facts and evidence and the criminal case ended in an honourable acquittal
and not on technical grounds, imposing punishment of removal of the
delinquent official from service, based on the findings of domestic enquiry
would not be legally sustainable. The High Court also took the view that
the version of the doctor who was examined as PW8 and Ext. P-4 certificate
issued by him, could not be considered as sufficient material to hold the
respondent guilty and that he had consumed alcohol, but was found normal
and had no adverse influence of alcohol. The High Court, therefore,
allowed the writ petition and set aside the impugned order dismissing him
from service. It was further ordered that the respondent be reinstated
with continuity of service forthwith, with back wages from the date of
acquittal in the criminal case, till payment.
9. The State, aggrieved by the said judgment has filed this appeal by
special leave through the Deputy Inspector General of Police.
10. Shri C. Paramasivam, learned counsel appearing for the appellant,
submitted that the High Court was not justified in interfering with
disciplinary proceedings and setting aside the order of dismissal of the
respondent. Learned counsel submitted that the High Court overlooked the
fact that the standard of proof in a domestic enquiry and criminal enquiry
is different. The mere acquittal by the criminal Court does not entitle
the delinquent for exonerating in the disciplinary proceedings. Learned
counsel also submitted that the case in hand is not where punishment of
dismissal was imposed on the basis of conviction in a criminal trial and
only, in such situation, acquittal by a Court in a criminal trial would
have some relevance. Further, it was also pointed out that, in the instant
case, the respondent was not honourably acquitted by the criminal Court,
but was acquitted since complainant turned hostile.
11. Shri V. N. Subramaniam, learned counsel appearing for the respondent,
supported the findings recorded by the High Court. Learned counsel
submitted that the judgment of the criminal court acquitting the respondent
has to be construed as an honourable acquittal and that the respondent
cannot be proceeded with on the same set of facts on which he was acquitted
by a criminal court. Learned counsel also placed reliance on the judgment
of this Court in Capt. M. Paul case (supra).
12. We may first deal with the departmental proceedings initiated against
13. We may indicate that the following were the charges levelled against
the respondent in the departmental proceedings and a charge memo dated
24.8.1999 was served on the respondent:
i) Reprehensible conduct in having behaved in a disorderly manner
in a drunkenness mood at Tenkasi Bus-stand on 9.7.1999 at 23.00
ii) Highly reprehensible conduct in eve-teasing Pitchammal (44/1999)
W/o. Vanamamalai of Padmaneri in the presence of her husband and
having approached her with a dubious intention on 9.7.1999 at
23.00 hrs. and thereby getting involved in a criminal case in
Tenkasi P.S. Cr. No. 625/1999 under Section 509 IPC and Section
4 of the Tamil Nadu Prohibition of Eve-Teasing Ordinance Act,
iii) Highly reprehensible conduct in having absented from duty from
10.7.1999 at 07.00 hrs onward till 03.45 hrs.
14. The charges were inquired into by the Deputy Superintendent of
Police, Armed Reserve Tirunelveli. The prosecution examined ten witnesses
and fourteen documents were produced. On the side of the defence, D.W. 1
and D.W. 2 were examined. After examining the witnesses on either side and
after giving an opportunity of hearing, the Enquiry Officer found all the
three charges proved beyond reasonable doubt. P.Ws. 4 and 5, who were
Head Constables 1368 Adiyodi of Tenkasi Police Station and Head Constable
1079 Peter of Tenkasi Police Station, clearly narrated the entire incident
and the involvement of the respondent, so also PW 6, the Head Constable of
Tenkasi Police Station. The Enquiry Officer clearly concluded that the
evidence tendered by the prosecution witnesses P.Ws. 4, 5 and 6 and
prosecution documents 3, 4 and 5 would clearly prove the various charges
levelled against him. The Medical Officer of the Government Hospital had
also certified that the delinquent had consumed liquor and he was not
cooperating for urine and blood tests. The Enquiry Officer also found that
the delinquent ought to have reported for duty at the out-post station on
10.7.1999 at 07.00 hrs. as per the instruction given to him on 9.7.1999 at
20.30 hrs., while he reported for courtallam season Bandobust duty at
season out-post police station. But, it was found that the delinquent had
failed to report for duty. Further, he had also indulged in the activity
of eve-teasing a married woman. After finding the delinquent respondent
guilty of all the charges, the Enquiry Officer submitted its report dated
22.11.1999. The Superintendant of Police, Tirunelveli concurred with the
findings of the Enquiry Officer and held that the charges were clearly
proved beyond reasonable doubt. It was held that the respondent being a
member of a disciplined force should not have behaved in a disorderly
manner and that too in a drunken state, in a public place, and misbehaving
with a married woman. It was held that the said conduct of the respondent
would undermine the morale of the police force, consequently, the
Superintendant of Police awarded the punishment of dismissal from service
on the respondent, vide its proceeding dated 4.1.2000. The respondent then
filed an appeal before the Inspector General of Police, which was rejected
vide his proceeding dated 10.3.2000. Respondent then filed an application
in O.A. No. 1144 of 2000 before the Tamil Nadu Administrative Tribunal.
While O.A. was pending, the delinquent was acquitted of the criminal
15. We have indicated that a criminal case was also registered against
the respondent by the Tenkasi Police Station being Crime No. 625/1999 under
Section 509 IPC and Section 4 of the Eve-Teasing Act, 1998, which was
registered as STC 613 of 2002 before the Judicial Magistrate, Tenkasi.
Before the Criminal Court, PW 1 and PW 2, the husband and the wife (victim)
turned hostile. Prosecution then did not take steps to examine the rest of
the prosecution witnesses. Head Constable (No.1368) Adiyodi and Head
Constable (No.1079) Peter of Tenkasi Police Station were crucial witnesses.
Facts would clearly indicate that it was the above mentioned Head
Constables who took the respondent to Tenkasi Police Station along with
P.Ws. 1 and 2, though P.Ws. 1 and 2 had clearly deposed before the Enquiry
Officer of the entire incident including the fact that the above mentioned
two Head Constables had taken the respondent along with P.Ws.1 and 2 to the
Tenkasi Police Station. The Criminal Court took the view that since P.W. 1
and P.W. 2 turned hostile, the criminal case got weakened. The
prosecution, it may be noted also took no step to examine the Head
Constables by name 1368 Adiyodi and 1079 Peter of Tenkasi Police Station,
so also the Doctor P.W.8 before the criminal Court. It was under such
circumstances that the criminal Court took the view that there is no
evidence to implicate the respondent-accused, consequently, he was found
not guilty under Section 509 IPC read with Section 4 of the Eve-Teasing Act
and was, therefore, acquitted.
16. We may indicate that before the order of acquittal was passed by the
Criminal Court on 20.11.2000, the Departmental Enquiry was completed and
the respondent was dismissed from service on 4.1.2000. The question is
when the departmental enquiry has been concluded resulting in the dismissal
of the delinquent from service, the subsequent finding recorded by the
Criminal Court acquitting the respondent delinquent, will have any effect
on the departmental proceedings. The propositions which the respondent
wanted to canvass placing reliance on the judgment in Capt. M. Paul Anthony
case (supra) read as follows:
“(i) Departmental proceedings and proceedings in a criminal
case can proceed simultaneously as there is no bar in their being
conducted simultaneously, though separately.
(ii) If the departmental proceedings and the criminal case are
based on identical and similar set of facts and the charge in the
criminal case against the delinquent employee is of a grave nature
which involves complicated questions of law and fact, it would be
desirable to stay the departmental proceedings till the conclusion of
the criminal case.
(iii) Whether the nature of a charge in a criminal case is grave
and whether complicated questions of fact and law are involved in that
case, will depend upon the nature of offence, the nature of the case
launched against the employee on the basis of evidence and material
collected against him during investigation or as reflected in the
(iv) The factors mentioned at (ii) and (iii) above cannot be
considered in isolation to stay the departmental proceedings but due
regard has to be given to the fact that the departmental proceedings
cannot be unduly delayed.
(v) If the criminal case does not proceed or its disposal is
being unduly delayed, the departmental proceedings, even if they were
stayed on account of the pendency of the criminal case, can be resumed
and proceeded with so as to conclude them at an early date, so that if
the employee is found not guilty his honour may be vindicated and in
case he is found guilty, the administration may get rid of him at the
17. This Court, in Southern Railway Officers’ Association v. Union of
India (2009) 9 SCC 24, held that acquittal in a criminal case by itself
cannot be a ground for interfering with an order of punishment imposed by
the Disciplinary Authority. The Court reiterated that order of dismissal
can be passed even if the delinquent officer had been acquitted of the
18. In State Bank of Hyderabad v. P.Kata Rao (2008) 15 SCC 657, this
Court held that there cannot be any doubt whatsoever that the jurisdiction
of the superior Courts in interfering with the finding of fact arrived at
by the Enquiring Officer is limited and that the High Court would also
ordinarily not interfere with the quantum of punishment and there cannot be
any doubt or dispute that only because the delinquent employee who was also
facing a criminal charge stands acquitted, the same, by itself, would not
debar the disciplinary authority in initiating a fresh departmental
proceeding and/or where the departmental proceedings had already been
initiated, to continue therewith. In that judgment, this Court further
held as follows:
“The legal principle enunciated to the effect that on the same
set of facts the delinquent shall not be proceeded in a
departmental proceedings and in a criminal case simultaneously,
has, however, been deviated from. The dicta of this Court in Capt.
M. Paul Anthony v. Bharat Gold Mines Ltd. and Another [(1999) 3
SCC 679], however, remains unshaken although the applicability
thereof had been found to be dependant on the fact situation
obtaining in each case.”
19. In a later judgment of this Court in Divisional Controller, Karnataka
State Raod Transport Corporation v. M. G., Vittal Rao (2012) 1 SCC 442,
this Court after a detailed survey of various judgments rendered by this
Court on the issue with regard to the effect of criminal proceedings on the
departmental enquiry, held that the Disciplinary Authority imposing the
punishment of dismissal from service cannot be held to be disproportionate
or non-commensurate to the delinquency.
20. We are of the view that the mere acquittal of an employee by a
criminal court has no impact on the disciplinary proceedings initiated by
the Department. The respondent, it may be noted, is a member of a
disciplined force and non examination of two key witnesses before the
criminal court that is Adiyodi and Peter, in our view, was a serious flaw
in the conduct of the criminal case by the Prosecution. Considering the
facts and circumstances of the case, the possibility of winning order P.Ws.
1 and 2 in the criminal case cannot be ruled out. We fail to see, why the
Prosecution had not examined Head Constables 1368 Adiyodi and 1079 Peter of
Tenkasi Police Station. It was these two Head Constables who took the
respondent from the scene of occurrence along with P.Ws. 1 and 2, husband
and wife, to the Tenkasi Police Station and it is in their presence that
the complaint was registered. In fact, the criminal court has also opined
that the signature of PW 1 (husband – complainant) is found in Ex.P1 –
Complaint. Further, the Doctor P.W.8 has also clearly stated before the
Enquiry Officer that the respondent was under the influence of liquor and
that he had refused to undergo blood and urine tests. That being the
factual situation, we are of the view that the respondent was not
honourably acquitted by the criminal court, but only due to the fact that
PW 1 and PW 2 turned hostile and other prosecution witnesses were not
21. The meaning of the expression ‘honourable acquittal’ came up for
consideration before this Court in Management of Reserve Bank of India, New
Delhi v. Bhopal Singh Panchal (1994) 1 SCC 541.
In that case, this Court
has considered the impact of Regulation 46(4) dealing with honourable
acquittal by a criminal court on the disciplinary proceedings. In that
context, this Court held that the mere acquittal does not entitle an
employee to reinstatement in service, the acquittal, it was held, has to be
honourable. The expressions ‘honourable acquittal’, ‘acquitted of blame’,
‘fully exonerated’ are unknown to the Code of Criminal Procedure or the
Penal Code, which are coined by judicial pronouncements.
It is difficult
to define precisely what is meant by the expression ‘honourably acquitted’.
When the accused is acquitted after full consideration of prosecution
evidence and that the prosecution had miserably failed to prove the charges
levelled against the accused, it can possibly be said that the accused was
22. In R.P. Kapoor v. Union of India, AIR 1964 SC 787, it was held even
in the case of acquittal, departmental proceedings may follow where the
acquittal is other than honourable. In State of Assam and another v.
Raghava Rajgopalachari reported in 1972 SLR 45, this Court quoted with
approval the views expressed by Lord Williams, J. in (1934) 61 ILR Cal. 168
which is as follows:
“The expression “honourably acquitted” is one which is unknown to
court of justice. Apparently it is a form of order used in courts
martial and other extra judicial tribunals. We said in our
judgment that we accepted the explanation given by the appellant
believed it to be true and considered that it ought to have been
accepted by the Government authorities and by the magistrate.
Further, we decided that the appellant had not misappropriated the
monies referred to in the charge. It is thus clear that the effect
of our judgment was that the appellant was acquitted as fully and
completely as it was possible for him to be acquitted. Presumably,
this is equivalent to what Government authorities term ‘honourably
23. As we have already indicated, in the absence of any provision in the
service rule for reinstatement, if an employee is honourably acquitted by a
Criminal Court, no right is conferred on the employee to claim any benefit
including reinstatement. Reason is that the standard of proof required for
holding a person guilty by a criminal court and the enquiry conducted by
way of disciplinary proceeding is entirely different. In a criminal case,
the onus of establishing the guilt of the accused is on the prosecution and
if it fails to establish the guilt beyond reasonable doubt, the accused is
assumed to be innocent. It is settled law that the strict burden of proof
required to establish guilt in a criminal court is not required in a
disciplinary proceedings and preponderance of probabilities is sufficient.
There may be cases where a person is acquitted for technical reasons or the
prosecution giving up other witnesses since few of the other witnesses
turned hostile etc. In the case on hand the prosecution did not take steps
to examine many of the crucial witnesses on the ground that the complainant
and his wife turned hostile. The court, therefore, acquitted the accused
giving the benefit of doubt. We are not prepared to say in the instant
case, the respondent was honourably acquitted by the criminal court and
even if it is so, he is not entitled to claim reinstatement since the Tamil
Nadu Service Rules do not provide so.
24. We have also come across cases where the service rules provide that
on registration of a criminal case, an employee can be kept under
suspension and on acquittal by the criminal court, he be reinstated. In
such cases, the re-instatement is automatic. There may be cases where the
service rules provide in spite of domestic enquiry, if the criminal court
acquits an employee honourably, he could be reinstated. In other words,
the issue whether an employee has to be reinstated in service or not
depends upon the question whether the service rules contain any such
provision for reinstatement and not as a matter of right. Such
provisions are absent in the Tamil Nadu Service Rules.
25. In view of the above mentioned circumstances, we are of the view that
the High Court was not justified in setting aside the punishment imposed in
the departmental proceedings as against the respondent, in its limited
jurisdiction under Article 226 of the Constitution of India.
26. We may, in the facts and circumstances of this case, wish to add some
aspects which are also of considerable public importance. We notice that
there is no uniform law in this country to curb eve-teasing effectively in
or within the precinct of educational institutions, places of worship, bus
stands, metro-stations, railway stations, cinema theatres, parks, beaches,
places of festival, public service vehicles or any other similar place.
Eve-teasing generally occurs in public places which, with a little effort,
can be effectively curbed. Consequences of not curbing such a menace,
needless to say, at times disastrous. There are many instances where girls
of young age are being harassed, which sometimes may lead to serious
psychological problems and even committing suicide. Every citizen in this
country has right to live with dignity and honour which is a fundamental
right guaranteed under Article 21 of the Constitution of India. Sexual
harassment like eve- teasing of women amounts to violation of rights
guaranteed under Articles 14, 15 as well. We notice in the absence of
effective legislation to contain eve-teasing, normally, complaints are
registered under Section 294 or Section 509 IPC.
27. Section 294 says that
“Whoever, to the annoyance of others- (a) does
any obscene act in any public place, or (b) sings, recites or utters any
obscene song; ballad or words, in or near any public place, shall be
punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may
extend to three months, or with fine, or with both”.
28. It is for the prosecution to prove that the accused committed any
obscene act or the accused sang, recited or uttered any obscene song;
ballad or words and this was done in or near a public place, it was of
obscene nature and that it had caused annoyance to others. Normally, it is
very difficult to establish those facts and, seldom, complaints are being
filed and criminal cases will take years and years and often people get
away with no punishment and filing complaint and to undergo a criminal
trial itself is an agony for the complainant, over and above, the extreme
physical or mental agony already suffered.
29. Section 509 IPC says,
“Whoever intending to insult the modesty of any
woman, utters any word, makes any sound or gesture, or exhibits any object,
intending, that such word or sound shall be heard, or that such gesture or
object shall be seen, by such woman, or intrudes upon the privacy of such
woman, shall be punished with simple imprisonment for a term which may
extend to one year, or with fine or with both”.
30. The burden is on the prosecution to prove that the accused had
uttered the words or made the sound or gesture and that such word, sound or
gesture was intended by the accused to be heard or seen by some woman.
Normally, it is difficult to establish this and, seldom, woman files
complaints and often the wrong doers are left unpunished even if complaint
is filed since there is no effective mechanism to monitor and follow up
The necessity of a proper legislation to curb eve-teasing is of
extreme importance, even the Tamil Nadu Legislation has no teeth.
31. Eve teasing today has become pernicious, horrid and disgusting
The Indian Journal of Criminology and Criminalistics (January-
June 1995 Edn.) has categorized eve teasing into five heads viz.
(1) verbal eve teasing;
(2) physical eve teasing;
(3) psychological harassment;
(4) sexual harassment; and
(5) harassment through some objects.
In Vishaka and
Others v. State of Rajasthan; (1977) 6 SCC 241, this Court has laid down
certain guidelines on sexual harassments.
In Rupan Deol Bajaj and Another
v. K.P.S. Gill; (1995) 6 SCC 194, this Court has explained the meaning of
‘modesty’ in relation to women.
More and more girl students, women etc. go
to educational institutions, work places etc. and their protection is of
extreme importance to a civilized and cultured society.
The experiences of
women and girl children in over-crowded buses, metros, trains etc. are
horrendous and a painful ordeal.
32. The Parliament is currently considering the Protection of Woman
against Sexual Harassment at Workplace Bill, 2010, which is intended to
protect female workers in most workplaces. Provisions of that Bill are not
sufficient to curb eve-teasing. Before undertaking suitable legislation to
curb eve-teasing, it is necessary to take at least some urgent measures so
that it can be curtailed to some extent. In public interest, we are
therefore inclined to give the following directions:
1) All the State Governments and Union Territories are directed to depute
plain clothed female police officers in the precincts of bus-stands
and stops, railway stations, metro stations, cinema theatres, shopping
malls, parks, beaches, public service vehicles, places of worship etc.
so as to monitor and supervise incidents of eve-teasing.
2) There will be a further direction to the State Government and Union
Territories to install CCTV in strategic positions which itself would
be a deterrent and if detected, the offender could be caught.
3) Persons in-charge of the educational institutions, places of worship,
cinema theatres, railway stations, bus-stands have to take steps as
they deem fit to prevent eve-teasing, within their precincts and, on a
complaint being made, they must pass on the information to the nearest
police station or the Women’s Help Centre.
4) Where any incident of eve-teasing is committed in a public service
vehicle either by the passengers or the persons in charge of the
vehicle, the crew of such vehicle shall, on a complaint made by the
aggrieved person, take such vehicle to the nearest police station and
give information to the police. Failure to do so should lead to
cancellation of the permit to ply.
5) State Governments and Union Territories are directed to establish
Women’ Helpline in various cities and towns, so as to curb eve-teasing
within three months.
6) Suitable boards cautioning such act of eve-teasing be exhibited in all
public places including precincts of educational institutions, bus
stands, railway stations, cinema theatres, parties, beaches, public
service vehicles, places of worship etc.
7) Responsibility is also on the passers-by and on noticing such
incident, they should also report the same to the nearest police
station or to Women Helpline to save the victims from such crimes.
8) The State Governments and Union Territories of India would take
adequate and effective measures by issuing suitable instructions to
the concerned authorities including the District Collectors and the
District Superintendent of Police so as to take effective and proper
measures to curb such incidents of eve-teasing.
33. The Appeal is accordingly allowed with the above directions and the
judgment of the High Court is set aside. However, there will be no order as
November 30, 2012