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Sunday, July 21, 2013

Service matter - whether in the facts and circumstances it will be desirable for the Court to direct the appellants to straightaway regularize the services of all the daily wage workers working for more than five years or the daily wage workers working for more than five years are entitled for some other relief. 25. As per scheme contained in Resolution dated 17th October, 1988 all the daily wage workers were not entitled for regularization or permanency in the services. As per the said Resolution the daily wagers are entitled to the following benefits: “(i) They are entitled to daily wages as per the prevailing Daily Wages. If there is presence of more than 240 days in first year, daily wagers are eligible for paid Sunday, medical allowance and national festival holidays. (ii) Daily wagers and semi skilled workers who has service of more than five years and less than 10 years are entitled for fixed monthly salary along with dearness allowance as per prevailing standard, for his working days. Such daily wagers will get two optional leave in addition to 14 misc. leave, Sunday leave and national festival holidays. Such daily wagers will also be eligible for getting medical allowance and deduction of provident fund. (iii) Daily wagers and semi skilled workers who has service of more than ten years but less than 15 years are entitled to get minimum pay scale at par with skilled worker along with dearness allowance as per prevailing standard, for his working days. Moreover, such daily wagers will get two optional leave in addition to 14 misc. leave, Sunday leave and national festival holidays. He/she will be eligible for getting medical allowance and deduction of provident fund. (iv) Daily wagers and semi skilled workers who has service of more than 15 years will be considered as permanent worker and such semi skilled workers will get current pay scale of skilled worker along with dearness allowance, local city allowance and house rent allowance. They will get benefit as per the prevailing rules of gratuity, retired salary, general provident fund. Moreover, they will get two optional leave in addition to 14 misc. leave, 30 days earned leave, 20 days half pay leave, Sunday leave and national festival holidays. The daily wage workers and semi skilled who have completed more than 15 years of their service will get one increment, two increments for 20 years service and three increments for 25 years in the current pay scale of skilled workers and their salary will be fixed accordingly.” Considering, the facts and circumstances of the case, the finding of Gujarat High Court dated 29th October, 2010 in SCA No.8647/2008 and connected matters and the fact that the said judgment is binding between the parties, we are of the view that the appellants should be directed to grant the benefit of the scheme as contained in the Resolution dated 17th October, 1988 to all the daily wage workers of the Forest and Environment Department working for more than five years, providing them the benefits as per our finding at Paragraph 25 above. The appellants are directed accordingly. The judgment and order passed by the learned Single Judge dated 29th October, 2010 as affirmed by the Division Bench by its order dated 28th February, 2012 stands modified to the extent above. The benefit should be granted to the eligible daily wage workers of the Forest and Environment Department working for more than five years including those who are performing work other than building maintenance and repairing but they will be entitled for the consequential benefit w.e.f. 29th October, 2010 or subsequent date from which they are so eligible within four months from the date of receipt/production of the copy of this order. The appeals stand disposed of with the aforesaid observation and directions to the appellant- State and its authorities. There shall be no separate orders as to costs.

                 published in  http://judis.nic.in/supremecourt/imgst.aspx?filename=40538                                         

 REPORTABLE
                        IN THE SUPREME COURT OF INDIA

                        CIVIL APPELLATE JURISDICTION

          CIVIL APPEAL NOs.  5321-5322                     OF 2013
                 (ARISING OUT OF SLP(C) 13619-13620 OF 2012)

STATE OF GUJARAT & ORS.                          … APPELLANTS

                             VERUS

PWD EMPLOYEES UNION & ORS. ETC.           … RESPONDENTS


                               J U D G M E N T

SUDHANSU JYOTI MUKHOPADHAYA, J.

      Leave granted. These appeals have  been  preferred  by  the  State  of
Gujarat and others against a  common  judgment  dated  28th  February,  2012
passed by the Division Bench of the  High  Court  of  Gujarat  at  Ahmedabad
whereby Letters Patent Appeal No. 1754 of 2011 in  Misc.  Civil  Application
No.17/2011 preferred by the State of Gujarat  and  its  officials  has  been
dismissed and
the order dated  25th  August,  2011  passed  by  the  learned
Single Judge has been affirmed giving direction to the  appellant-State  and
its officials to regularize the services of respondents-workmen.
2.    The factual matrix of the case is as follows:
       The  Gujarat  State  Employees  Union,  Gujarat  State  Public  Works
Department  Employees  Union,  Labour  Union  and  other   Unions   made   a
representation to the State Government  for  regularization  of  daily  wage
workers,  working  since  long.  On  their  demand,  the   State  Government
constituted a Committee vide Resolution dated 24th  March,  1988  under  the
Chairmanship of Minister of Road and  Building  Department  to  make  proper
recommendations after studying the demands,  issues  and  questions  of  the
Labour Unions. After thoroughly studying the wages of  daily  wage  workers,
work related services & facilities provided to the daily  wage  workers  who
were engaged in the building maintenance and  repairing  work  in  different
departments of the  State  such  as  Road  and  Building  Department,  Water
Resources Department, Forest Department,  Agriculture  Department  etc.  the
Committee made  recommendations  favouring  the  regularization.  The  State
Government on considering the recommendations  submitted  by  the  Committee
decided to accept all the said recommendations and resolved as follows:
           “RESOLUTION


1     The  Government  has  taken  into  consideration  the  recommendations
           submitted by committee and so,  it  is  decided  to  accept  all
           recommendations of the Committee.  Accordingly,  it is  resolved
           to provide following wages and services to daily wagers and semi
           skilled workers working in different departments of the State.




        1. It is decided to pay daily wages as  per  the  prevailing  Daily
           Wages Rules to daily wagers and semi  skilled  workers  who  has
           less than five years service  as  on  1.10.1988.   If  there  is
           presence of more than 240 days in first year, he is eligible for
           paid Sunday, medical allowance and national festival holidays.




        2) As per provisions of Section 25B of the Industrial disputes act,
           daily wagers and semi skilled workers who has  service  of  more
           than five years but less than 10 years as on 1.10.1988, will get
           Rs.750/- as fixed monthly salary alongwith dearness allowance as
           per prevailing standard, for his working days.  Moreover, he/she
           will get two optional leave  in  addition  to  14  misc.  leave,
           Sunday leave and national festival  holidays.   He/She  will  be
           eligible  for  getting  medical  allowance  and   deduction   of
           provident fund.

        3)   As per provisions of Section 25B of  the  Industrial  disputes
           act, daily wagers and semi skilled workers who  has  service  of
           more  than ten years but less than 15  years  as  on  1.10.1988,
           will get minimum pay scale at par with skilled work  along  with
           dearness allowance as per prevailing standard, for  his  working
           days.  Moreover, he/she will get two optional leave in  addition
           to 14 misc. leave, Sunday leave and national festival  holidays.
           He/She will  be  eligible  for  getting  medical  allowance  and
           deduction of provident fund.

           (4)   As  per  provisions  of  Section  25B  of  the  Industrial
           Disputes Act,  daily wagers and semi  skilled  workers  who  has
           service of more than fifteen  years  as  on  1.10.1988  will  be
           considered as permanent worker and  such  semi  skilled  workers
           will get current pay scale of skilled worker along with dearness
           allowance, local city allowance and house rent allowance.   They
           will get benefit  as  per  the  prevailing  rules  of  gratuity,
           retired salary, general provident fund.     Moreover  they  will
           get two optional leave in addition to 14 misc.  leave,  30  days
           earned leave, 20 days half pay leave,  Sunday leave  &  national
           festival holidays. The  retirement  age  of  such  semi  skilled
           workers will be 60 years and their services will be rendered for
           pensionable period.  As per provisions of  Section  25B  of  the
           Industrial Disputes Act, daily wagers and semi  skilled  workers
           who have completed more than fifteen years of their service will
           get one increment,  two increment for 20 years service and three
           increments for 25 years in the  current  pay  scale  of  skilled
           worker and their salary will be fixed accordingly on 1.10.1998.”




      The aforesaid Resolution was issued and published with the consent  of
the Finance Department dated 14th October, 1988 and  General  Administrative
Department dated 17th October, 1988.

3.    In spite  of  the  Resolution  of  the  State  Government  dated  17th
October, 1988 the benefit was not provided to the daily wage workers of  the
Forest Department of the State.  Aggrieved by the same, some  of  the  daily
wage workers of Forest Department filed a Special Civil Application  No.3500
of 1992 before the High Court of Gujarat. The learned Single  Judge  by  the
judgment dated 21st March, 1997 relying  on  a  common  judgment  dated  4th
March, 1996, passed by the same Court in a  group  of  similar  cases,  held
that Resolution dated 17th October, 1988 is applicable to the  employees  of
the Forest Department as well.

4.    Against the aforesaid decision an LPA No.1642 of  1999  was  filed  by
the State Government which was  dismissed  by  the  Division  Bench  of  the
Gujarat High Court by its order dated 29th April, 2003. On  being  aggrieved
by the same,  the  State  Government  moved  before  this  Court  by  filing
SLP(C)….of 2004 (CC No.10763/2004) which also got  dismissed  by  the  order
dated 29th November, 2004. Thereby the finding  that  the  Resolution  dated
17th October, 1988 is applicable to the daily wage  workers  of  the  Forest
Department reached finality. In another case when some  of  the  daily  wage
workers of Forest Department moved before the High  Court  of  Gujarat,  the
matter was referred to a larger Bench. A three-Judge Bench by  its  judgment
in Gujarat Forest Producers, Gatherers and Forest Workers  Union  vs.  State
of Gujarat, (2004) 2 GLH 302: (2004) 2 GLR 568,  held  that  the  Government
Resolution dated 17th October, 1988 is applicable only  to  the  daily  wage
workers of the Forest and Environment Department  engaged  in  the  work  of
maintenance and repairing of constructions in that Department,  and  not  to
the daily wage workers engaged in other type of work in that Department.

5.    In the meantime, the State  Government  took  up  the  matter  in  its
Forest and Environment Department. Referring to the  Resolution  dated  17th
October, 1988 it was  observed  that  the  said  resolution  was  passed  by
accepting the  recommendations  of  the  Committee  appointed  for  studying
wages, service oriented and other facilities giving  to  the  daily  wagers,
labourers and workers employed for preservation and repairing  constructions
in various departments of the State  viz.,  Roads  &   Building  Department,
Water Resources  Department,  Forest  Department,  Agricultural  Department,
Narmada Development Department, Water  Supply  Department  and  Panchayat  &
Rural Home Development and other departments, and it  has  been  decided  to
give wages and service oriented facilities to such daily  wagers,  labourers
and workers vide Resolution dated 17th  October,  1988,  of  the  Roads  and
Building Department and the then ancillary resolutions.  With the  aforesaid
observation, the following decision was taken by the Resolution  dated  22nd
December, 1999:

           “RESOLUTOIN

                 In connection  with  aforesaid  preface  regarding  daily-
           wagers working in the Forest Department under the control of the
           Forest & Environment Department and resolution of  Hon’ble  Shri
           Daulatbhai Parmar Committee, it is resolved that,




           1.    On the basis of report of Hon’ble Shri  Daulatbhai  Parmar
                 Committee, the Resolution dated 17/10/1988 of the  Roads  &
                 Building  Department,  which  is  passed  regarding  wages,
                 services & other facilities to be  applied  to  the  daily-
                 wagers, labourers and workers of  Forest  Department  under
                 the control of Forest & Environment Department,  cannot  be
                 applied in view of  work  of  daily-wagers  of  the  Forest
                 Department and in view of  nature  of  work  and  financial
                 arrangement and their temporary/seasonal  &  limited  work,
                 because on applying the said resolution,  after  completion
                 of work, such daily-wagers cannot be employed  continuously
                 for long time where there is no work. But they are supposed
                 to be removed. In view of the said  circumstances,  on  the
                 basis  of  report  of  Hon’ble   Shri   Daulatbhai   Parmar
                 Committee, there is no  intention  of  applying  Resolution
                 dated 17/10/1998 of the Roads & Building Department to  the
                 daily-wagers  of  the  Forest  Department  of   the   State
                 Government.

           2.    In the Notification issued from  time  to  time  regarding
                 minimum wages also, minimum wages for the  daily-wagers  of
                 the Forest Department is indicated separately and  in  view
                 of the burden of their  work,  in  comparison  with  daily-
                 wagers of construction wages is  indicated  at  less  rate,
                 which falls under  heading  of  reasonable  classification,
                 therefore, the Resolution dated 17/10/1988 of the  Roads  &
                 Building,  Department  cannot  be  applied  for  the   said
                 reasons.

           3.    These orders have been passed in view of  opinion/consent,
                 vide entry dated 05/11/1999 of the Legal Department,  entry
                 dated 18/11/1999 of the Finance Department and entry  dated
                 25/11/1999 of the Roads & Building Department.”


      On bare perusal of the Resolution dated 22nd December, 1999,  we  find
that by  such  Resolution  the  State  Government  (Forest  and  Environment
Department) wrongly interpreted the  Resolution  dated  17th  October,  1988
that the said Resolution passed on the opinion of the Legal Department  runs
contrary to the Resolution  of the  State  dated  17th  October,  1988,  and
decision of the High Court of Gujarat dated  21st  March,  1997  in  Special
Civil Application No.3500 of 1992, which was upheld by  the  Division  Bench
vide letter dated 29th April, 2003 and against which the SLP  was  dismissed
by this Court on 29th November, 2004.
6.    The present  case  pertains  to  daily  wage  workers  of  the  Forest
Department, who have been in  service  for  about  5-30  years  as  on  29th
October, 2010, of more than 240 days for large number of years, doing  full-
time work of a perennial nature as stated by the High Court  of  Gujarat  in
its judgment dated 29th October, 2010.   In  the  said  judgment,  the  High
Court directed the authority to consider  the  above  stated  factors  while
deciding the individual cases for regularization.
7.    The Unions of the employees and individual  workmen  employed  by  the
Forest Department approached the High Court  of  Gujarat  in  Special  Civil
Application No.6913 of 2006, inter alia, seeking  directions  to  the  State
authorities for framing of a scheme for the purpose of giving  permanent  or
quasi permanent status to the daily  wagers  of  Forest  Department  in  the
light of their long services in the Forest Department on daily  wage  basis.
By order dated 12th October, 2006, the High Court disposed of the  aforesaid
SCA permitting the petitioner Union (1st respondent in  present  matter)  to
make a detailed representation to the State authorities  and  directing  the
State authorities to consider the representation within a specified  period.
 Pursuant to the aforesaid direction of the Court the Union (1st  respondent
herein) made a representation dated 30th October,  2006  to  the  Secretary,
Forest and Environment Department, the Secretary,  Finance  Department,  the
Principal  Chief  Conservator  of  Forests  and  the  Chief  Conservator  of
Forests. After  more  than  a  year,  the  Deputy  Conservator  of  Forests,
Rajpipla West Division passed order dated 17th November, 2007 rejecting  the
representation dated 30th October, 2006 with respect to 12 daily  wagers  of
the Rajpipla West Division.
8.    Being aggrieved, the PWD Employees (1st  respondent  herein)  filed  a
Miscellaneous Civil Application No.119  of  2008  in  SCA  No.6913  of  2006
challenging the rejection order dated  17th  November,  2007.  By  an  order
dated 31st January, 2008, the High Court of Gujarat directed the  Secretary,
Forest and Environment Department to decide the representation filed by  the
PWD Employees Union.
9.     The  Secretary,  Forest  and  Environment  Department  rejected   the
application  by  his  order  dated  3rd  May,  2008  which  was  a  verbatim
reproduction of the order dated 17th November, 2007  passed  by  the  Deputy
Conservator of Forests, West Division.
10.   It is pertinent to mention that by  order  dated  3rd  May,  2008  the
Secretary, Forest and Environment Department, inter alia, admits  that  “the
initial entry in the sense of engagement on  daily  wages  does  not  suffer
from  any  illegality  or  irregularity  and  was  in  consonance  with  the
provisions of the Minimum Wages Act and continues to be so".
      However, the representation was rejected,  on  the  ground  that  “the
daily wagers have not  worked  on  any  duly  sanctioned  posts  which  were
otherwise required to be filled up in a regular manner and further  that  no
such duly sanctioned posts exist. Therefore, the Union's claim of  one  time
regularization, the same being on non-existent posts,  is  not  maintainable
and is consequently denied".
11.    After the rejection of the representation, the  respondents-Employees
Union had to again move before  the  High  Court  in  SCA  No.8647  of  2008
challenging the order of rejection dated 3rd  May,  2008.   On  hearing  the
parties and perusal of record, the learned Single Judge of  the  High  Court
by its  order  and  judgment  dated  29th  October,  2010  disposed  of  the
representation recording the following facts:
        (i)            The Secretary, Forest  and  Environment  Department,
        State of Gujarat has himself come  to  the  conclusion  vide  order
        dated 3rd May, 2008 that initial entry of the daily wagers does not
        suffer from any illegality or irregularity  but  is  in  consonance
        with the provisions of Minimum Wages Act. Therefore,  the  question
        of regularization by  removing  the  procedural  defects  does  not
        arise.
        (ii)           Looking to the nature of work described in the order
        dated 3rd May, 2008, the daily wagers are engaged in the work which
        is perennial in nature.
        (iii)    The daily wagers  of  other  Government  Departments  like
        Roads & Buildings Department, Narmada Water Resources, Water Supply
        and Kalpasar Department, etc. have been made permanent pursuant  to
        the Government Resolution dated 17th October, 1988.
        (iv)     The Department of Agriculture  and  Cooperation  has  also
        issued analogous resolution dated 20th December, 2005 to regularize
        the services of daily wagers of the Fisheries Department.
        (v)            The Forest Department of the  State  of  Maharashtra
        had also issued a scheme in the year  1996  quite  similar  to  the
        Government Resolution dated 17th October, 1988 in  respect  to  the
        daily wagers in their Forest Department.
        (vi)     In compliance of award  passed  by  the  Labour  Court  in
        Reference (IT) No.386/88, a number of daily wagers  of  the  Forest
        Department who have  completed  5  years  900  days  were  absorbed
        against 22 supernumerary posts created.

      Learned Single Judge finally passed the following order:
           “7.   In the interest of justice, the following  directions  are
           issued which will meet with the ends of justice:


                 1.    The impugned order  dated  3.05.2008  passed  by  the
                       Secretary, Forest & Environment Department, State  of
                       Gujarat is quashed and set aside.


                 2.    The Secretary, Forest & Environment Department, State
                       of Gujarat, is directed to consider the case  of  the
                       petitioners for  regularization/conferring  permanent
                       status,  afresh  in  light  of  the  facts  of   each
                       individual case keeping in mind the observations made
                       hereinabove and also to consider the scope of framing
                       a scheme for giving quasi  permanent  status  to  the
                       petitioners-daily wagers at par with the  scheme  for
                       daily wagers in  other  Government  Departments  like
                       Roads   &   Buildings   Department,   Narmada   Water
                       Resources,  Water  Supply  and  Kalpasar  Department,
                       etc.,  contained  in  Government   Resolution   dated
                       17.10.1988. In case, the authority  is  of  the  view
                       that the benefits as prayed  for  cannot  be  granted
                       then a reasoned order be passed supported by detailed
                       reasons.


                 3     The aforesaid exercise be undertaken within a  period
                       of two months from today.


                 4.    Liberty to revive the petitions in case of difficulty
                       by filing required application/s.”


      Against the judgment dated 29th October, 2010 no appeal was  preferred
by the State Government or by any person and,  thereby,  the  said  judgment
reached finality.
12.   The 1st respondent- Employees Union, thereafter  requested  the  Chief
Secretary, Forest & Environment Department by letter  dated  20th  November,
2010  to  consider  the  issue  and  pass  an  appropriate   resolution   in
consultation with the Union. However, no action has been taken.  Hence,  the
respondent  Union  filed  Misc.  Civil   Application   No.17/2011   in   SCA
No.8647/2008 and connected matters before the High Court.
13.    When the matter  was  pending,  the  Principal  Secretary,  Forest  &
Environment Department by order dated 21st April, 2011 rejected the  request
of  regularization  taking  a  stand  that  the  job  carried  out  by   the
respondents herein cannot be said to be  perennial  in  nature.  Before  the
High Court, Conservator of Forests filed affidavit giving details of  number
of daily wagers whose cases were examined and, inter alia, stating  that  by
orders dated 21.4.2011 total 745  cases  were  considered  and  proposal  to
grant benefit has not found favour. One additional-affidavit  was  filed  by
the respondent-Union showing therein  the fact  that  the  State  Government
already  regularized  the  services  of  21  daily  wagers  of  the   Forest
Department by creating supernumerary posts pursuant to  the  High  Court  of
Gujarat order dated 21st March, 1997 passed in SCA No.3500  of  1992.  There
respondent-Union also filed a draft Amendment  in  Misc.  Civil  Application
No.17 of 2011 with additional prayer to quash the order of  rejection  dated
21st April, 2011.
14.   Learned Single Judge of the High Court of Gujarat by order dated  25th
August, 2011 allowed the Misc.C.A No.17 of 2011, inter  alia,  holding  that
the judgment dated 29th October, 2010 could not have been construed to  mean
to pass a reasoned order rejecting the  representation  of  the  respondents
herein. An order was passed directing  the  State  to  frame  a  scheme  for
giving quasi-permanent status to the respondents herein in  compliance  with
the judgment dated 29th October, 2010. Learned Single  Judge  also  recorded
the offer made on behalf of the respondents that they were willing to  waive
the financial benefits for the past period i.e.  upto  29th  October,  2010,
subject to the fact that period of  service  rendered  by  them  be  counted
notionally for other purposes.
15.   The aforesaid order of the learned Single Judge was  affirmed  by  the
Division Bench by the impugned common judgment dated  28th  February,  2012.
Hence, the present SLPs are preferred by the State.
16.   Learned counsel for the appellant-State contended as follows:
        (i)            The High Court under Article 226 of the Constitution
        cannot direct absorption, regularization or permanency of the daily
        wage workers unless the recruitment itself was made  in  a  regular
        manner in terms of the constitutional scheme.
        (ii)           A large scale regularization of daily  wage  workers
        will increase the financial burden on the State.
        (iii)    The respondents or its  member  cannot  base  their  claim
        under Article 14 and 16 of the Constitution to seek  permanence  or
        quasi permanence in service .
        (iv)     Direction given by the High Court is against the principle
        laid down by this Court in Secretary, State of Karnataka and Others
        vs. UmaDevi(3) and Others,  (2006)  4  SCC  1  and  A.  Umarani  v.
        Registrar Co-operative Societies and Others, (2004) 7 SCC 112.
        (v)            Resolution dated 17th October, 1988 applies only  to
        the daily wage workers who were engaged in building maintenance and
        repairing work as held by Full  Bench  of  Gujarat  High  Court  in
        Gujarat Forest Producers, Gatherers and Forest  Workers  Union  vs.
        State of Gujarat (supra).  The respondents or its members  are  not
        entitled to claim any benefit under the said  scheme  contained  in
        Resolution dated 17th October, 1988.
17.   Per contra, according to learned  counsel  for  the  respondents,  the
judgment dated 29th October, 2010 passed in SCA No.8647/2008  and  connected
matters  is  binding  between  the  parties  i.e.  the  appellants  and  the
respondents as it was not challenged by the appellants or any other  person,
on the contrary the appellants claimed to have complied  with  the  judgment
aforesaid.  Learned counsel for the respondents contended as follows:
        (i)  The scheme contained in Resolution dated 17th October, 1988  is
        equally  applicable  to  the  daily  wage  workers  of  the   Forest
        Department. It does not distinguish the employees on  the  basis  of
        nature of job performed by one or the other daily wage workers.
        (ii)       The Resolution dated 22nd December, 1999  issued  by  the
        Forest & Environment  Department,  Government  of  Gujarat  was  not
        brought on record before the High Court.  It is for the  first  time
        without any leave from this Court such  fact  has  been  brought  on
        record by filing additional documents.  The Full Bench  judgment  in
        Gujarat Forest Producers, Gatherers and  Forest  Workers  Union  vs.
        State of Gujarat (supra) was also not placed before the High  Court,
        therefore, the appellants cannot derive any advantage of the same.
        (iii)  The Resolution dated 22nd December, 1999 issued from Forest &
        Environment Department  is  contrary  to  the  scheme  contained  in
        Resolution dated 17th October, 1988 issued by the State of Gujarat.
        (iv) The Full Bench of the Gujarat  High  Court  in  Gujarat  Forest
        Producers,  Gatherers  and  Forest  Workers   Union(supra)   wrongly
        interpreted the scheme contained in Resolution dated  17th  October,
        1988. The same is not binding in case of the  respondents  who  were
        not parties to the said case.
18.   The main questions which arise for our consideration in these  appeals
are:
        (1)             Whether  the  daily  wage  workers  of  Forest  and
        Environment Department working for 5 to 30 years  for  works  other
        than building and maintenance and repairing work  are  entitled  to
        derive benefits of the scheme contained  in  the  Resolution  dated
        17th October, 1988 issued by  the  State  from  Road  and  Building
        Department;
        (2)            If  so,  whether  the  members  of  the  respondent-
        employees Union working on daily wages for more than 5 to 30  years
        in the Forest and Environment  Department  of  the  State  will  be
        entitled for similar  benefits  of  the  scheme  contained  in  the
        Resolution dated 17th October, 1988.

19.   From a bare reading of the Resolution dated 17th  October,  1988,  the
following facts emerge:
        (a)            Labour and other Unions made representation  to  the
        Government making demands and issues relating to daily wage workers
        of different departments of the Government.
        (b)            The State Government constituted a  committee  under
        the Chairmanship, Minister of Road and Building Department.
        (c)            The Committee was constituted for studying
               (i)  the wages of daily wage workers;and
              (ii) work related services and  facilities  provided  to  the
              daily  wage  workers  who  are  engaged   in   the   building
              maintenance and repairing work in  different  departments  of
              the State.


        (d)         The recommendations of the Committee were accepted  and
        accordingly the State Government resolved to provide  the  benefits
        of the scheme contained in the Resolution 17th October, 1988.

20.   The daily wage workers who were engaged in  building  maintenance  and
repairing work in different departments  were  already  entitled  for  their
work related facilities. Therefore, what we find is that the  Committee  has
not limited  the  recommendation  to  the  daily  wage  workers  working  in
building maintenance and repairing work  in  different  departments  of  the
State.  The State Government vide its Resolution dated  17th  October,  1988
has  not  limited  it  to  the  daily  wage  workers  working  in   building
maintenance and repairing work.  What we find is that the  Resolution  dated
17th October, 1988 is applicable to all the daily wage  workers  working  in
different  departments  of  the  State  including  Forest  and   Environment
Department performing any nature  of  job  including  the  work  other  than
building maintenance and repairing work.   The decision of  the  Full  Bench
of Gujarat High Court in Gujarat  Forest  Producers,  Gatherers  and  Forest
Workers Union(supra and the subsequent Resolution dated 22nd December,  1999
issued from Forest and Environment Department of the State, in  our  opinion
are not sustainable, as the intent of Resolution dated  17th  October,  1988
was not properly explained therein and, therefore,  the  aforesaid  decision
of Full Bench and Resolution  dated  22nd  December,  1999  cannot  be  made
applicable  to  the  daily  wage  workers  of  the  Forest  and  Environment
Department of the State of Gujarat.
21.   In view of the aforesaid observation, we find that the full  Bench  of
the Gujarat High Court in Gujarat Forest  Producers,  Gatherers  and  Forest
Workers Union(supra) proceeded  on  erroneous  premises  to  hold  that  the
Resolution dated 17th October, 1988 is applicable only  to  the  daily  wage
workers of Forest Department engaged in building maintenance  and  repairing
work. The conclusions in the said judgment  are  not  sustainable  otherwise
also. We have already noticed that the Resolution of  the  State  Government
dated 17th October, 1988 is not limited to  any  particular  department,  it
applies to all the departments  including  Road  and  Building,  Forest  and
Environment Department,  Water  Resources  Department,  etc.  We  have  also
noticed that the Committee headed by  the  Minister  of  Road  and  Building
Department looked into the wages of daily  wage  workers  and  work  related
facilities  provided  to  the  daily  wage  workers  engaged   in   building
maintenance and repairing  work  in  different  departments,  only  for  the
purpose  of  its  recommendations.  The  Committee  has  not   limited   the
recommendations  amongst  the  daily  wage  workers  engaged   in   building
maintenance and repairing work in different  departments  by  its  aforesaid
Resolution.  It is applicable to all  daily  wage  workers  including  semi-
skilled  workers  performing  any  nature  of  job,  working  in   different
departments of the State including the daily  wage  workers  of  the  Forest
Department performing work other than  building  maintenance  and  repairing
work.
22.   The impugned  order  passed  by  the  learned  Single  Judge  and  the
Division Bench arise  out  of  the  final  order  and  judgment  dated  29th
October, 2010 passed in SCA No.8647/2008 and connected  matters.   The  said
order has reached finality in absence of any  challenge  before  the  higher
Court and hence became binding between the parties i.e. the  appellant-State
of Gujarat and the  respondents-Employees  Union.  Therefore,  none  of  the
parties including  appellants-State  of  Gujarat  can  rely  on  Full  Bench
decision  in  Gujarat  Forest  Producers,  Gatherers  and   Forest   Workers
Union(supra) to scuttle the decision and  direction  given  by  the  Gujarat
High Court in SCA No.8647/2008 and connected matters.
23.   The decisions  in  Uma  Devi  (supra)  and  A.  Umarani  (supra)  were
regarding the question concerning regularization  of  employees  entered  by
back door method  or  those  who  were  illegally  appointed  encouraging  a
political set up, in violation of Article 14 and 16 of the  Constitution  of
India. We are of the opinion that  both  the  aforesaid  decisions  are  not
applicable in the present case  i.e.  to  the  members  of  the  respondent-
Employees Union for the following reasons:
      (i)   The Secretary, Forest and Environment Department of the State of
      Gujarat by his order dated 3rd May, 2008 held that initially the entry
      of the daily wagers do not suffer from any illegality or  irregularity
      but is in  consonance  with  the  provisions  of  Minimum  Wages  Act.
      Therefore, the  question  of  regularization  by  removing  procedural
      defects does not arise.


      (ii)  The Gujarat High Court by its judgment dated 29th October,  2010
      passed in SCA No.8647 of 2008 while noticing the aforesaid stand taken
      by the State also held that the nature of work described in the  order
      dated 3rd May, 2008 shows that the daily wage-workers are  engaged  in
      the work which is perennial in nature.


      (iii) The case of A.Uma Rani  (supra)  related  to  regularization  of
      services of irregular appointees.  In the said case  this  Court  held
      that  when  appointments  are  made  in  contravention  of   mandatory
      provisions of the Act  and  statutory  rules  framed  therein  and  in
      ignorance of essential qualifications, the same would be  illegal  and
      cannot be regularized by the State.


24.   Thus, the principal question that falls  to  be  considered  in  these
appeals is
whether in the facts and circumstances it will be  desirable  for
the Court to direct the appellants to straightaway regularize  the  services
of all the daily wage workers working for more than five years or the  daily
wage workers working for more than five years are entitled  for  some  other
relief.





25.   As per scheme contained in Resolution dated  17th  October,  1988  all
the daily wage workers were not entitled for  regularization  or  permanency
in the services. As per the said Resolution the daily  wagers  are  entitled
to the following benefits:
           “(i)  They are entitled to daily wages  as  per  the  prevailing
           Daily Wages. If there is presence of more than 240 days in first
           year,  daily  wagers  are  eligible  for  paid  Sunday,  medical
           allowance and national festival holidays.


           (ii)  Daily wagers and semi skilled workers who has  service  of
           more than five years and less than 10  years  are  entitled  for
           fixed monthly  salary  along  with  dearness  allowance  as  per
           prevailing standard, for his working  days.  Such  daily  wagers
           will get two optional leave  in  addition  to  14  misc.  leave,
           Sunday leave and national festival holidays. Such  daily  wagers
           will  also  be  eligible  for  getting  medical  allowance   and
           deduction of provident fund.


           (iii) Daily wagers and semi skilled workers who has  service  of
           more than ten years but less than 15 years are entitled  to  get
           minimum pay scale at par with skilled worker along with dearness
           allowance as per prevailing  standard,  for  his  working  days.
           Moreover, such daily wagers  will  get  two  optional  leave  in
           addition to 14 misc. leave, Sunday leave and  national  festival
           holidays. He/she will be eligible for getting medical  allowance
           and deduction of provident fund.


           (iv)  Daily wagers and semi skilled workers who has  service  of
           more than 15 years will be considered as  permanent  worker  and
           such semi skilled workers will get current pay scale of  skilled
           worker along with dearness allowance, local city  allowance  and
           house  rent  allowance.  They  will  get  benefit  as  per   the
           prevailing rules of gratuity, retired salary, general  provident
           fund. Moreover, they will get two optional leave in addition  to
           14 misc. leave, 30 days earned leave, 20 days  half  pay  leave,
           Sunday leave and national  festival  holidays.  The  daily  wage
           workers and semi skilled who have completed more than  15  years
           of their service will get one increment, two increments  for  20
           years service and three increments for 25 years in  the  current
           pay scale of skilled workers and  their  salary  will  be  fixed
           accordingly.”







26.   Considering, the facts and circumstances of the case, the  finding  of
Gujarat High  Court  dated  29th  October,  2010  in  SCA  No.8647/2008  and
connected matters and the fact that the said  judgment  is  binding  between
the parties, we are of the view that the appellants should  be  directed  to
grant the benefit of the scheme as contained in the  Resolution  dated  17th
October, 1988 to all the daily wage workers of the  Forest  and  Environment
Department working for more than five years, providing them the benefits  as
per  our  finding  at  Paragraph  25  above.  
The  appellants  are  directed accordingly.  
The judgment and order passed  by  the  learned  Single  Judge
dated 29th October, 2010 as affirmed by the  Division  Bench  by  its  order
dated 28th February, 2012 stands modified to the extent above.  
The  benefit
should be granted to the eligible daily  wage  workers  of  the  Forest  and
Environment Department working for more than five years including those  who
are performing work other than building maintenance and repairing  but  they
will be entitled for the consequential benefit w.e.f. 29th October, 2010  or
subsequent date from which they are so eligible within four months from  the
date of receipt/production of the copy of  this  order.  The  appeals  stand
disposed of with the aforesaid observation and directions to the  appellant-
State and its authorities. There shall be no separate orders as to costs.

                                                    ………..………………………………………..J.
                                           (T.S. THAKUR)




                                                      ………………………………………………….J.
                                           (SUDHANSU JYOTI MUKHOPADHAYA)
NEW DELHI,
JULY 9, 2013.

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