IN THE SUPREME COURT OF INDIA
CIVIL APPELLATE JURISDICTION
CIVIL APPEAL NO.4095 OF 2016
(ARISING OUT OF SLP(C) NO.10868/2016)
(@ SLP(C)…..CC 6652/2016)
Rajesh Verma Appellant(s)
Ashwani Kumar Khanna Respondent(s)
J U D G M E N T
Abhay Manohar Sapre, J.
1) Delay in filing special leave petition is condoned. Leave granted.
2) This appeal is filed against the final judgment and order of the High
Court of Delhi at New Delhi dated 03.12.2015 and 19.02.2016 in Arbitration
Petition No. 434 of 2015 and I.A. No. 754 of 2016 in Arbitration Petition
No. 434 of 2015 respectively whereby the learned Single Judge of the High
Court allowed Arbitration Petition No. 434 of 2015 and dismissed I.A. No.
754 of 2016 in Arbitration Petition No. 434 of 2015 seeking change of the
3) In order to appreciate the short issue involved in the appeal, it is
necessary to state few relevant facts.
4) The appellant is an owner/landlord of the shop measuring 153.58 sq.
feet situated at 1729, Gali No. 5, Govind Puri Extension, Kalkaji, New
Delhi-110019 whereas the respondent was the appellant's tenant of the shop
in question at a monthly rent of Rs.175/- since July 1977.
5) On 31.10.2014, the appellant and the respondent claimed to have
entered into an agreement whereby it was inter alia agreed that the
appellant on respondent's vacating the shop would demolish the shop and
construct the new one in its place on or before 31.03.2015 and then sell
the new shop to the respondent for a total consideration of Rs.42,00,000/-.
The agreement further stipulated that the respondent has paid a sum of
Rs.32,00,000/- by way of advance to the appellant in cash towards the sale
consideration and balance amount of Rs.10,00,000/- was to be paid by the
respondent to the appellant at the time of execution of the sale deed.
Clause 14 of the agreement contained arbitration clause for making
reference to the sole arbitrator in the event of any dispute arising
between the parties in relation to the agreement in question.
6) The disputes arose between the parties in relation to implementation
of the terms of the agreement, which led to exchange of notices between
them by making allegations and counter allegations by both against each
other regarding committing of breaches of the agreement. Eventually, the
respondent (tenant) filed an arbitration petition being Arbitration
Petition No. 434 of 2015 under Section 11 of the Arbitration and
Conciliation Act, 1996 (hereinafter referred to as “the Act”) before the
Delhi High Court (Single Judge) out of which this appeal arises praying
therein for appointment of sole arbitrator for resolving the disputes which
had arisen between them. It was inter alia alleged that since Clause 14 of
the agreement provided for appointment of sole arbitrator for deciding the
disputes arising out of the agreement between the parties and when disputes
have arisen between them, the matter should be referred to the sole
arbitrator for his decision as provided in the agreement. The arbitration
petition was contested by the appellant (owner/landlord) as non-applicant
by denying the allegations made in the petition. However, the learned
Single Judge by order dated 03.12.2015 allowed the petition and appointed
one Shri Ashok Chhabra, Advocate as sole arbitrator to decide the disputes.
It is against this order of the learned Single Judge, the owner/landlord
has filed this special leave to appeal.
7) Heard Mr. Praveen Chaturvedi, learned counsel for the appellant and
Mr. Vivek Sharma, learned counsel for the respondent.
8) Mr. Praveen Chaturvedi, learned counsel for the appellant, urged two
points in support of his submission. In the first place, he urged that the
learned Single Judge while allowing the petition exceeded his jurisdiction
under Section 11 of the Act because he virtually proceeded to decide the
main disputes itself by recording findings on such issues in Paras 9 and 10
of the impugned order. It was his submission that the findings recorded in
Paras 9 and 10 and all such observations made in the impugned order, which
touched the merits of the controversy, should, therefore, be set aside
leaving the arbitrator to decide all such disputes in accordance with law
in arbitration proceedings on its merits depending upon the stand taken by
the parties before the arbitrator.
9) His second submission was that the learned Single Judge having
allowed the petition should have sought party’s consent for nominating the
arbitrator and in any case, according to learned counsel, any retired judge
would have been more preferable for appointment to act as an arbitrator in
place of any lawyer.
10) Learned counsel for the respondent, however, supported the impugned
order and urged that no interference is called for in the impugned order.
11) Having heard the learned counsel for the parties and on perusal of
the record of the case, we find some force in the submissions urged by
learned counsel for the appellant.
12) We have perused the impugned order and find that in Paras 9 and 10,
the learned Single Judge has elaborately discussed the issues touching the
merits of the controversy relating to the agreement. In our considered
opinion, a discussion much less with such elaboration on factual issues was
wholly uncalled for and should not have been made. Indeed, it was not
necessary for the learned Single Judge to have recorded any finding on
merits while making reference to the arbitrator under Section 11 of the
13) It is a settled principle of law that jurisdiction of Court under
Section 11 of the Act is limited and confine to examine as to whether there
is an arbitration agreement between the contracting parties and, if so,
whether any dispute has arisen between them out of such agreement which may
call for appointment of arbitrator to decide such disputes.
14) Once it is held that disputes had arisen between the parties in
relation to agreement which contained an arbitration clause for resolving
such disputes, the Court should have made reference to the arbitrator
leaving the parties to approach the arbitrator with their claim and counter-
claim to enable the arbitrator to decide all such disputes on the basis of
case set up by the parties before him. In this case, we find that the
learned Single Judge did exceed his jurisdiction on this issue and hence
interference to this extent is called for.
15) We, accordingly, observe that the arbitrator while deciding the
disputes between the parties in arbitration proceedings would not, in any
manner, be influenced by any finding, observations made by the learned
Single Judge in the impugned order and nor would make any reference of the
findings while deciding the case.
16) Now so far as the appointment of sole arbitrator made by the learned
Single Judge is concerned, in view of the reservation expressed by the
appellant regarding the choice of an advocate arbitrator by the High Court,
we feel that it is just and proper that a retired Judge should be appointed
in his place as an arbitrator to resolve the disputes.
17) We, accordingly, appoint Shri Justice M.L. Mehta (Rtd.) as the sole
arbitrator to decide the disputes, which have arisen between the parties in
relation to the agreement in question. The arbitrator would be at liberty
to settle the terms for deciding the dispute such as fees and expenses etc.
18) Needless to say, the arbitration proceedings be completed
19) In the light of foregoing discussion, the appeal succeeds and is
allowed in part. Impugned order is modified to the extent indicated above.
[ABHAY MANOHAR SAPRE]
April 19, 2016.